Catechism Insight – Review Doctrinal Standards #11-21

Review Doctrinal Standards #11-21

WSC #11

Q. What is God’s providence?
A. God’s providence is His completely holy, wise, and powerful preserving and governing every creature and every action.

WSC #12

Q. What did God’s providence specifically do for man whom He created?
A. After the creation God made a covenant with man to give him life, if he perfectly obeyed; God told him not to eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil or he would die.

WSC #13

Q. Did our first parents remain as they were created?
A. Left to the freedom of their own wills, our first parents sinned against God and fell from their original condition.

WSC #14

Q. What is sin?
A. Sin is disobeying or not conforming to God’s law in any way.

WSC #15

Q. By what sin did our first parents fall from their original condition?
A. Our first parents’ sin was eating the forbidden fruit.

WSC #16

Q. Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first disobedience?
A. Since the covenant was made not only for Adam but also for his natural descendants, all mankind sinned in him and fell with him in his first disobedience.

WSC #17

Q. What happened to man in the fall?
A. Man fell into a condition of sin and misery.

WSC #18

Q. What is sinful about man’s fallen condition?
A. The sinfulness of that fallen condition is twofold. First, in what is commonly called original sin, there is the guilt of Adam’s first sin with its lack of original righteousness and the corruption of his whole nature. Second are all the specific acts of disobedience that come from original sin.

WSC #19

Q. What is the misery of man’s fallen condition?
A. By their fall all mankind lost fellowship with God and brought His anger and curse on themselves. They are therefore subject to all the miseries of this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever.

WSC #20

Q. Did God leave all mankind to die in sin and misery?
A. From all eternity and merely because it pleased Him God chose some to have everlasting life. These He freed from sin and misery by a covenant of grace and brought them to salvation by a redeemer.

WSC #21

Q. Who is the redeemer of God’s chosen ones?
A. The only redeemer of God’s chosen is the Lord Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of God, who became man. He was and continues to be God and man in two distinct natures and one person forever.

Memory Verses

“Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men” (Romans 5:18, ESV).

Study Passage: Romans 5:12-21


This should be a time of reflection, assessment, and re-teaching.

There are a couple of different ways to approach this review lesson. First, the review questions and answers could be made into a game that forces the students to remember what they have learned while assessing their understanding. Another idea is to quiz each student on each of the 11 questions making sure to encourage and celebrate their accomplishments. Last, it would be beneficial to review each of the question and answers, drawing out their central truths and discussing how they are connected.

A common theme in the catechism questions (#11-21) is the doctrine of sin and the doctrine of salvation. Questions 12-19 explain original sin and the devastating affects sin had on Adam and Eve and has had on every individual since the Fall. Questions 20 and 21 explain how salvation which God provides through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, is a display of God’s many attributes. Through our salvation God’s glory is shown and is given all the praise.

Discussion Questions

  • Explain how sin first entered the world?
  • Who is affected by the sin of Adam and Eve?
  • What affects (spiritually and physically) does sin have on a person?
  • Does man have the ability to follow Jesus on their own? Explain
  • Why did Jesus have to die on the cross? Explain
  • Scripture says salvation is only by God’s grace, it’s a gift from God, and we receive it through faith. What is grace and faith?
  • Jesus is referred to as a redeemer, ransom, and mediator. What do these words tell us about Jesus and what He did on the cross?


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warning everyone and teaching everyone with all wisdom,
that we may present everyone mature in Christ."
(Colossians 1:28, ESV)

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