Discussion Questions: Exodus 21:1-11, 22:21-27

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • In what ways were the civil laws of Old Covenant Israel unique to them (and are not for us)?
  • The civil laws of Israel are similar to our civil laws in this: they served to restrain evil and promote justice. Like ours, they did not aim to eradicate sin. God tolerated much (divorce, polygamy, etc.). Not every sin (violation of God’s moral law) was a crime. Why is this important to understand?
  • How was the slavery regulated in Exodus 21 different from the slavery that existed in this country not long ago? 
  • Laws concerning the just treatment of the weak and vulnerable in society are presented first and last in this collection of case laws. What message does that send?
  • Discuss potential applications of this text politically, ecclesiastically, and personally.
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Discussion Questions: Exodus 21:1-23:19

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • How does recognizing the literary structure of a text help us correctly interpret it? 
  • Where is the emphasis placed in the case laws section of Exodus 21:1-22:27? Where is the emphasis placed in the imperatival laws section of Exodus 22:8-23:19?
  • Though we are not under the civil laws of the Old Testament in the way that Israel was, what can we learn from them? How might we apply them personally? How might we apply them politically?
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Discussion Questions: Exodus 20:18-26

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • Why did Israel fear God at Sinai? See Hebrews 12:20.
  • Why did Israel request that Moses mediate? How does this prefigure Christ? 
  • Why did God give Israel preliminary instructions for worship when instructions for the construction of the tabernacle were forthcoming?
  • What did animal sacrifices communicate to the worshipper concerning sin, its consequences, and the coming Savior?
  • Moses and the Old Covenant of which he was mediator could not cleanse the worshipper really and truly. Only faith in Christ the mediator of the New Covenant could do that. See especially Hebrews 9 and 10. Discuss.
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Discussion Questions: Exodus 20:17

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • What are the three parts of the human soul?
  • How do body and soul interact?
  • Why is it helpful to understand how human behavior works?
  • The first nine commandments are to be kept from the heart, but the tenth is about the heart. Discuss. 
  • What does the tenth commandment teach us about the other nine?
  • Why is willpower (self-control) needed to live holy in this fallen world? (Galatians 5:22-23)
  • Why do we need to be sanctified in the mind and affections?
  • How does the gospel of Jesus Christ apply to the mind, affections, and will?
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Discussion Questions: Exodus 20:16

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • What does the ninth commandment have to do with loving and honoring our fellow man?
  • Why is truth and trust vital to relationships?
  • What does the ninth commandment require and forbid? You may find Baptist Catechism 82 & 83, Westminster Larger 144 & 145, and An Orthodox Catechism (written by Hercules Collins) 130 to be helpful. 
  • How may we keep the ninth commandment in thought, word, and deed?

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Discussion Questions: Exodus 20:15

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • How does the eighth commandment relate to the fifth which establishes that honor is to be shown to all human beings?
  • What does it mean to steal?
  • The eighth commandment establishes that personal property is to be respected. Discuss.  
  • What are the most obvious examples of violations of the eighth commandment?
  • What are some less obvious examples of violations of the eighth commandment?
  • What are some ways that the eighth commandment can be applied to our political circumstances today?
  • What are some ways that the eighth commandment can be applied to you (or other individuals) today?
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Discussion Questions: Exodus 20:14

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • How are the first and second tables of the law related to one another? How are commandments two through four related to the first? How are commandments six through ten related to the fifth?
  • The sixth commandment teaches us to honor human life as it pertains to the end. The seventh commandment teaches us to honor human life as it pertains to the beginning. How so?
  • Why did God forbid all forms of sexual immorality by forbidding adultery in particular? How does the command, “you shall not commit adultery” draw our attention to the ideal?
  • How are married people to keep the seventh commandment positively and negatively?
  • How are single people to keep the seventh commandment positively and negatively?
  • How is the seventh commandment to be kept in the heart and with our speech?
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Discussion Questions: Exodus 20:13

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AT HOME OR IN GOSPEL COMMUNITY GROUPS

Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • Who has access to God’s moral law? Where is it found?
  • Why does our catechism say that the moral law is “summarily comprehended” in the Ten Commandments? In other words, why do we not say that the moral law = the Ten Commandments? Why is it important for us to refer to the Ten Commandments as a summary of God’s moral law?
  • How can we go about teasing out the implications of the brief and general moral principles stated in the Ten Commandments? Can those who do not have access to the scriptures do this? Why do we say that those who have the scriptures (and faith) are in a better position to speak to issues of morality?
  • What does the sixth commandment forbid? You may use our catechism, but be specific with application beyond the sin of murder itself. 
  • What does the sixth commandment require? Again, be specific with the application. 
  • If you have time, search online for the Westminster Larger Catechism, read questions 134-136, and discuss. (Note: “physic” in answer 135 means medicine)
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"Him we proclaim,
warning everyone and teaching everyone with all wisdom,
that we may present everyone mature in Christ."
(Colossians 1:28, ESV)

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