Discussion Questions: Baptist Catechism 23

  1. Why is it significant that the answer to Baptist Catichem 23 begins with the word, “God”?
  2. What “motivated” God to save sinners? When did God decide to save sinners?
  3. Through which covenant is salvation from the estate of sin and misery made available? When was this covenant formally enacted? 
  4. When were the blessings of this covenant made available? How were the blessings of this covenant made available before the making of this covenant?
  5. In the Covenant of Grace, sinners are delivered out of the estate of sin and misery. Review Baptist Catechism questions 20-22 and discuss all that Christ has saved us from. 
  6. In the Covenant of Grace, sinners are brought into an estate of salvation. The blessings of this state of salvation will be presented in questions 35-43. You may preview those questions and discuss the blessings that Christ brings his people.
  7. Who rescues us from the estate of sin and misery and brings us into this estate of salvation?
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Discussion Questions: Luke 11:37-44

  1. Why was the Pharisee astonished that Jesus did not wash before dinner? Why did Jesus choose not to wash?
  2. Jesus’ rebuke of the Pharisees begins in verse 39. What did he mean when he said, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness.” (Luke 11:39)
  3. What did Christ mean when he said, “But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.” (Luke 11:42)
  4. What did he mean when he said, “Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seat in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces.” (Luke 11:43).
  5. And what about these words: “Woe to you! For you are like unmarked graves, and people walk over them without knowing it.” (Luke 11:44)
  6. The trouble with the Pharisees was not their religious devotion. Every Christian should strive to be religiously devout. Where then did the Pharisees go wrong?
  7. How does this text apply to you? What have you learned from the bad example of the Pharisees? How does this text point to our need for Christ?
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Discussion Questions: Luke 11:29-36

  1. Why did Christ condemn his generation as an evil one? What was wrong with the people’s request for more signs from heaven?
  2. What did Jesus mean when he said, “No sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet?” 
  3. Biblically speaking, what is typology?
  4. Give examples of types found in the Old Testament that find their fulfillment in Christ, the antitype.
  5.  How was Jonah a type of Christ? How is Christ greater than Jonah?
  6. How was Solomon a type of Christ? How is Christ greater than Solomon?
  7. Discuss Luke 11:33-36. What is the meaning of this? What is the warning that Christ here delivers? 
  8. How is this text to be applied by us today?
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Discussion Questions: Baptist Catechism 22

  1. Why is loss of communion with God the first misery mentioned?
  2. What does it mean to be under God’s wrath and curse?
  3. What does our catechism have in mind when it speaks of the miseries of this life?
  4. Everyone dies. Why? (see Genesis 2:15-17; Genesis 3:4; Romans 6:23)
  5. What is hell? Who goes there?
  6. How does Christ save his people from each of these miseries? 
  7. How does the teaching of Baptist Catechism 16-22 prepare us to hear the good news about Jesus Christ the Redeemer?
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Discussion Questions: Baptist Catechism 21 & 22

  1. Did human beings cease to be human when Adam fell into sin? In other words, were they no longer image-bearers?  Stated one more way, did human beings lose any faculties (the ability to think rationally, feel emotion, and make free choices) when Adam fell? If not, then what changed? 
  2. What effects did Adam’s fall into sin have on the human condition? Our catechism lists three things.  
  3. What is the result of man’s fallen condition? How does this affect man’s behavior?
  4. What does this teaching reveal about our need?
  5. What does this teaching have to do with Jesus Christ and the gospel? Try to connect some dots, theologically speaking.
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Discussion Questions: Luke 11:14-28

  1. What are demons? What does it mean that Jesus cast out a mute demon?
  2. What was unique about the way Jesus cast demons out? In whose name and by what authority and power did he do it? Why were the people astonished about this?
  3. Why did Jesus cast our demons? What did this reveal concerning his identity and his mission (see Luke 11:20)? 
  4. What did Jesus mean when he said, “It is by the finger of God that I cast out demons”?
  5. What does the illustration of Luke 11:21-22 mean?  Who is the “strong man” of Luke 11:21. Who is the one stronger than the strong man of verse 22?  What does the palace represent? What does this illustration teach us about the mission of Christ?
  6. In Luke 11:24-26 Jesus teaches that it will do no good, ultimately, if a demon is expelled from a man and yet his “house” remains empty. What will happen? What needs to happen instead?
  7. What do verses 27-28 have to do with all of this teaching about Christ and his kingdom overthrowing Satan and his? In other words, what are these verses urging us to do with Christ?
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Discussion Question: Baptist Catechism 18

  1. Why was it a sin for Adam to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil? (Remember Baptist Catechism 17)
  2. Did Adam violate God’s moral law, his positive law, or both when he ate the forbidden fruit? 
  3. What was so bad about Adam’s sin of eating from the forbidden tree? 
  4. Adam’s sin was a sin of commission and omission. Discuss. 
  5. Why is it important for us to have a proper view of sin?
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Discussion Questions: Luke 11:1-4

  1. What is prayer? (see Baptist Catechism 105)
  2. Those who love God will pray. Discuss. 
  3. Jesus prayed. Why did he need to given that he is the Son of God?
  4. How is the Lord’s Prayer to be used? Is it merely to be recited?
  5. How does the Lord’s Prayer in Luke differ from the Lord’s Prayer in Matthew? 
  6. What does it mean to address God as Father? Why is this significant?
  7. What sorts of things should we pray for under each petition of the Lord’s Prayer? Baptist Catechism 107-114 might help.
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"Him we proclaim,
warning everyone and teaching everyone with all wisdom,
that we may present everyone mature in Christ."
(Colossians 1:28, ESV)

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