Discussion Questions: Exodus 21:12-22:20


Sermon manuscript available at emmausrbc.org

  • All nations are called to uphold justice by the principle of life for life, eye for eye, and tooth for tooth. Old Covenant Israel was no different in this regard. Discuss from Exodus 21:12–22:20.
  • Some extreme forms of immorality were punishable by death in Old Covenant Israel. Why was this true for them, whereas it ought not to be so in common nations?
  • Why was imprisonment not mentioned as a punishment for crimes in Israel’s civil laws? Contrast this with our criminal justice system. 
  • Discuss the justice of Israel’s civil laws and contrast them with the injustice that you see in our own society.
  • What did Christ mean when he said, “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also…”  (Matthew 5:38–42, ESV)


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